Asked by: Rie Desbois
medical health vaccines

What is the meaning of inoculum in microbiology?

Last Updated: 16th June, 2020

inoculum. [i′näk·y?·l?m] (microbiology) A small amount of substance containing bacteria from a pure culture which is used to start a new culture or to infect an experimental animal.

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Likewise, what is the use of inoculum?

The definition of an inoculum is a substance introduced into the body to create or increase the body's resistance or immunity to a disease. A flu vaccine is an example of an inoculum.

Similarly, what is an inoculation and what is its purpose? Inoculation may be defined as the process of adding effective bacteria to the host plant seed before planting. The purpose of inoculation is to make sure that there is enough of the correct type of bacteria present in the soil so that a successful legume-bacterial symbiosis is established.

Subsequently, question is, what does Innoculate mean?

in·oc·u·la·tion (ĭ-nŏk′y?-lā′sh?n) The act or an instance of inoculating, especially the introduction of an antigenic substance or vaccine into the body to produce immunity to a specific disease.

What is source of inoculum?

Mummified fruit was the main source of primary inoculum for species of Alternaria and Epicoccum, whereas mummified fruit and bark were equally important for species of Colletotrichum and Diaporthe. In addition, spore traps were used to monitor seasonal inoculum abundance in the nurseries.

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Creacion Grothues


Why is inoculation important?

The Importance of Inoculation. Growers know to achieve this goal, the process must start with the seed, and that means inoculation. Inoculation is a farming practice that helps growers give their crops a productive start to the season, improving plant vigor and return-per-acre potential each year.

Nadya Asenjo


What is inoculum in biology?

From Biology-Online Dictionary | Biology-Online Dictionary. Definition. noun, plural. (1) Cells used in an inoculation, such as cells added to start a culture. (2) A biological material (like a virus or toxin or immune serum) that is injected into a human to induce or increase immunity to a particular disease.

Aramita Bruggen


What is inoculum effect?

The inoculum effect (IE) is a laboratory phenomenon that is described as a significant increase in the minimal inhibitory concentration of an antibiotic when the number of organisms inoculated is increased. The IE generally occurs with beta-lactam antibiotics in relation to beta-lactamase-producing bacteria.

Antolino Mosel


What are pure cultures?

A pure (or axenic) culture is a population of cells or multicellular organisms growing in the absence of other species or types. A pure culture may originate from a single cell or single organism, in which case the cells are genetic clones of one another.

Katharine Kaletsky


What is inoculum size?

inoculum size is the required concentration of expected microorganism for a standard test. it is a believe to expect the standard suspension prepare is the inoculum size for a particular yield at different dilution rate for either pilot or industrial scale analysis.

Mouhamed Gladkih


What is a primary inoculum?

For both groups, the inoculum that initiates the epidemic is called primary inoculum and the infection caused by it is called primary infection (Butt and Royle 1980). This process is called primary spread. On the other hand, secondary inoculum and secondary infection occur only in polycyclic diseases.

Lasandra Serralvo


What is inoculum preparation?

Inoculum preparation involves obtaining the organisms in an optimal state that is compatible with inoculation into cell culture, tissue culture, media, and fermentors. The prime objective is usually to achieve a high level of viable biomass in a suitable physiological state for use as an inoculum.

Anjana Luengas


What is inoculum in botany?

inoculum. In nature the inoculum is carried to a healthy plant from its source, e.g. an infected plant, by an agent, such as wind or an insect. 2. In microbiology or tissue-culture work, the cells that are introduced into a sterile medium to initiate a culture.

Benayga Odero


What is the process of inoculation?

Inoculation, process of producing immunity and method of vaccination that consists of introduction of the infectious agent onto an abraded or absorptive skin surface instead of inserting the substance in the tissues by means of a hollow needle, as in injection.

Hilary Janke


What is inoculation in speech?

Attitude inoculation is a technique used to make people immune to attempts to change their attitude by first exposing them to small arguments against their position. It is so named because it works just like medical inoculation, which exposes a person's body to a weak version of a virus.

Doloris Santalla


Who invented inoculation?

Smallpox vaccine, the first successful vaccine to be developed, was introduced by Edward Jenner in 1796. He followed up his observation that milkmaids who had previously caught cowpox did not later catch smallpox by showing that inoculated cowpox protected against inoculated smallpox.

Abdelkarin Marçoo


When was inoculation invented?

Inoculation originated in India or China some time before 200 BC. The concept of immunization, or how to artificially induce the body to resist infection, received a big boost in 1796, when physician Edward Jenner inoculated a young boy in England and successfully prevented him from getting smallpox.

Ikram Galeas


What is inoculation of culture media?

A standard method of inoculation of culture media is used to obtain reproducibility of quantitation results. This procedure for streaking plates is to be used for all cultures unless otherwise specified in the individual procedure. 1. Slides are not sterile and should be prepared after media inoculation.

Mali Shakhnovsky


How do you inoculate bacteria?

Using a sterile pipette tip or toothpick, select a single colony from your LB agar plate. Drop the tip or toothpick into the liquid LB + antibiotic and swirl. Loosely cover the culture with sterile aluminum foil or a cap that is not air tight. Incubate bacterial culture at 37°C for 12-18 hr in a shaking incubator.

Ziqi Vaidhyanathan


What does Variolation mean?

Variolation. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Variolation or inoculation was the method first used to immunize an individual against smallpox (Variola) with material taken from a patient or a recently variolated individual, in the hope that a mild, but protective, infection would result.

Suhail Ballve


How do you use inoculate in a sentence?

1. His dogs were inoculated against rabies. 2. She was inoculated with an anticold vaccine.

Vinod Samit


What is a verb synonym for inoculate?

inoculate(verb) introduce a microorganism into. Synonyms: vaccinate, immunise, immunize. immunize, immunise, inoculate, vaccinate(verb)

Felicitat Petzke


When was inoculation banned?

After the scientific community built a better understanding of how infectious disease spread, the British government outlawed the practice of variolation with the first Vaccination Act of 1840. The Act of 1840 also provided free vaccinations for the poor through the new Poor Law Unions.

Gulfam Talavero


What is inoculation strategy?

Inoculation theory states that to prevent persuasion it is necessary to strengthen preexisting attitudes, beliefs, or opinions. First, the receiver must be made aware of the potential vulnerability of an existing position (e.g., attitude, belief). This establishes threat and initiates defenses to future attacks.