Asked by: Gotzon Precatado
science genetics

What is the most accurate way to determine evolutionary relationships?

Last Updated: 10th May, 2020

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The MOST accurate way to determinetheevolutionary relationship between two animals is throughtheexamination of DNA or protein sequences of sharedgenes.Explanation; DNA or protein sequences of shared genes.Biochemicalevidence is extremely accurate indetermining therelationship between twoorganisms.

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Moreover, what is used to determine evolutionary relationships?

To build phylogenetic trees, scientists mustcollectaccurate information that allows them to makeevolutionaryconnections between organisms. Using morphologicand moleculardata, scientists work to identify homologouscharacteristicsand genes.

which tools and or characteristics do scientist use to determine phylogenetic relationships among organisms? Terms in this set (34)

  • In scientific terms, the evolutionary history andrelationshipof an organism or group of organisms is called itsphylogeny.
  • Scientists use a tool called a phylogenetic tree to showtheevolutionary pathways and connections among organisms.

Similarly one may ask, why is it important to know the evolutionary relationships between organisms?

Knowing the evolutionary relationshipsamongspecies allows scientists to choose appropriateorganismsfor the study of diseases, such as HIV. Scientistsare even usingthe principles of natural selection toidentify new drugsfor detecting and treating diseases suchas cancer. centuryworkplace.

What are scientists actually studying when they are comparing organisms at the molecular level to determine evolutionary relationships?

To determine the phylogeny of anorganism,scientists must determine whether asimilarity ishomologous or analogous. The advancement of DNAtechnology, thearea of molecular systematics, describes theuse ofinformation on the molecular level, includingDNAanalysis.

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What is the principle behind cladistic analysis?

Scientists compare the DNA of different organismstoestablish similarities between them and reconstructpossibleevolutionary relationships. Cladistic analysistraces theprocess of evolution in a group of organisms by focusingon uniquefeatures that appear in some organisms but notinothers.

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How does genetic evidence give information about evolutionary relationships?

DNA evidence for evolution
If two species have the "same" gene, itisbecause they inherited it from a common ancestor. Ingeneral, themore DNA differences in homologous genesbetween two species,the more distantly the speciesarerelated.

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What do you mean by evolutionary relationships?

Lesson Summary
An evolutionary tree can also be calledaphylogenetic tree, or a just a phylogeny, and phylogenetics isthestudy of determining evolutionary relationships, orpatternsof descent of organisms. Just like your family tree,anevolutionary tree indicates which ancestors gave risetowhich descendants.

Norddine Aldeguer

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Why are evolutionary relationships often referred to as a tree?

A phylogeny, or evolutionary tree, representstheevolutionary relationships among a set of organismsorgroups of organisms, called taxa (singular: taxon). Thetipsof the tree represent groups of descendenttaxa(often species) and the nodes on the treerepresentthe common ancestors of those descendants.

Garbiñe Alfaro-Bera

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How do scientists use fossils to show an evolutionary relationship?

Fossils are important evidenceforevolution because they show that life on earthwasonce different from life found on earth today. Paleontologistscandetermine the age of fossils using methods likeradiometricdating and categorize them to determine theevolutionaryrelationships between organisms.

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Which characteristic can be used to find how close two species are in evolutionary terms?

Homologous organ and analogous organ arethecharacteristics which can be used to find how closetwospecies are in evolutionary terns.

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What is the relationship between evolution and classification?

The method of arranging organisms into groups onthebasis of similarities and differences iscalledclassification. Evolution on the other handrefers toa slow, gradual and continuous process by which thepreviouslyexisting organisms develop into existinglivingorganisms.

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What does the trunk of the classic phylogenetic tree represent?

A tree that depicts theevolutionaryhistory of organisms is called aphylogenetic tree.It takes into account several characterswhich will help usto trace the evolutionary line. Aclassic phylogenetictree has its ancestors as thetrunk and its descendantsas branches.

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How organisms are classified based on evolutionary relationships?

In a biological sense, classification isthesystematic grouping of organisms based on structuralorfunctional similarities or evolutionary history. Aprocessof establishing, defining, and ranking taxa withinhierarchicalseries of groups. Phylogeny – theevolutionary historyof a group or lineage.

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What is an example of evolution?

Evolution Examples in Nature. Peppered moth -Thismoth had a light coloring darkened after the IndustrialRevolution,due to the pollution of the time. This mutation cameabout becausethe light colored moths were seen by birds morereadily, so withnatural selection, the dark colored moths survivedtoreproduce.

Lizzette Albares

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How does evolution affect me in my daily life?

One of the more important evolutionaryconcernsfacing humans today is the continual evolutionofantibiotic-resistance in bacteria. Similarly, the use ofpesticidesin agriculture has driven the evolution ofresistantinsects, requiring the use of harsher chemicals in greaterquantityto kill them.

Alianza Culiañez

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What are two methods scientists use to determine the evolutionary history of a species?

Scientists collect information that allows themtomake evolutionary connections between organisms. Similartodetective work, scientists must use evidencetouncover the facts. In the case of phylogeny,evolutionaryinvestigations focus on two types ofevidence: morphologic(form and function) and genetic.

Olin Renuncio

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What is used to determine phylogeny?

The fossil record is often used to determinethephylogeny of groups containing hard body parts; it isalsoused to date divergence times of speciesinphylogenies that have been constructed on the basisofmolecular evidence.

Alazne Campelo

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Which tools and or characteristics do scientists use to determine phylogenetic relationships among organisms?

Terms in this set (34)
  • In scientific terms, the evolutionary history andrelationshipof an organism or group of organisms is called itsphylogeny.
  • Scientists use a tool called a phylogenetic tree to showtheevolutionary pathways and connections among organisms.

Reyhan Bartomeu

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Why is evolution interesting?

Knowing the evolutionary relationshipsamongspecies allows scientists to choose appropriate organisms forthestudy of diseases, such as HIV. Scientists are even usingtheprinciples of natural selection to identify new drugs fordetectingand treating diseases such as cancer.centuryworkplace.

Orencio Verhouven

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What is the significance of evolution?

Understanding evolution helps us solvebiologicalproblems that impact our lives. To control hereditarydiseases inpeople, researchers study the evolutionaryhistories of thedisease-causing genes. In these ways, a knowledgeofevolution can improve the quality ofhumanlife.

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Why is phylogeny important?

Phylogenetics is important because it enrichesourunderstanding of how genes, genomes, species (andmolecularsequences more generally) evolve.

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What is the purpose of phylogenetic analysis?

Phylogenetic Analysis*
Phylogenetic analysis is the means ofestimatingthe evolutionary relationships. In molecularphylogeneticanalysis, the sequence of a common gene orprotein can be usedto assess the evolutionary relationship ofspecies. An importantapplication of comparative genomics isgenefinding.

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How do Cladograms work?

A cladogram (from Greek clados "branch" andgramma"character") is a diagram used in cladistics to showrelations amongorganisms. A cladogram uses lines thatbranch off indifferent directions ending at a clade, a group oforganisms with alast common ancestor.