Asked by: Sheron Otaola
medical health first aid

What is the most common emergency in the dental office?

Last Updated: 9th January, 2020

Syncope is the most common emergency seen in dental offices (50% to 60% of all emergencies).

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Beside this, what causes most medical emergencies in a dental office?

Cardiovascular disease was found in 33% of those patients. Medical emergencies were most likely to occur during and after local anesthesia, primarily during tooth extraction and endodontics. Over 60% of the emergencies were syncope, with hyperventilation the next most frequent at 7%.

Additionally, what should be in a dental office emergency kit? The ADA Council of Scientific Affairs names seven core drugs that belong in every emergency drug kit: oxygen, glucose, diphenhydramine, nitroglycerin, albuterol, aspirin and epinephrine. Every dental office in the United States should have these seven drugs, up-to-date, to complete its store of essential medications.

Moreover, what is the most important drug in an emergency kit?


What is the prescribed concentration of epinephrine in dental emergencies?

If emergency dental treatment is necessary, medical consultation is required and treatment should be aimed mainly at eliminating pain. Epinephrine dosages should be limited to one to two cartridges of 1:100,000 solution (0.018 to 0.036 mg of epinephrine)2.

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What drugs are found on the emergency trolley?

Advanced cardiac life support (ACLS) drugs such as epinephrine, atropine, amiodarone, lidocaine, sodium bicarbonate, dopamine, and vasopressin. First line drugs for treatment of common problems such as: adenosine, dextrose, diazepam or midazolam, epinephrine for IM use, naloxone, nitroglycerin, and others.

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Which are emergency drugs?

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Drug (concentration) and Indication Dose
Hydralazine (20 mg/ ml) Hypertension by vasodilation 0.1-0.5 mg/kg
Lorazepam (2 mg/ml) Sedation Seizures 0.05-01 mg/kg
Morphine (1 mg/ml) Pain Sedation 0.05-0.1 mg/kg
Naloxone (1 mg/ml) Narcotic antagonist 0.1 ml/kg rapid IV push, IM

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How is syncope treated in dental office?

Provide definitive care:
  1. Administer oxygen.
  2. Monitor vital signs.
  3. Administer aromatic ammonia ampoules. Crush the ampule between the fingers and position it under the patient's nose. The irritating fumes stimulate movement of the extremities and aids in blood return from the peripheral areas to the heart and brain.

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What is emergency trolley in hospital?

Emergency trolley or (Emergency Crash Cart) is a set of trays/drawers/shelves on wheels used in hospitals for transportation and dispensing of emergency medication/equipment at site of medical/surgical emergency for life support protocols potentially to save a patient's life.

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How do you handle dental emergencies?

Here are some tips for common dental emergencies:
  1. For a knocked-out permanent or adult tooth, keep it moist at all times.
  2. For a cracked tooth, immediately rinse the mouth with warm water to clean the area.
  3. If you bite your tongue or lip, clean the area gently with water and apply a cold compress.

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What do you do if someone faints in a dental chair?

When dealing with a patient who has fainted or seems like they are on the verge, the dentist or hygienist should lay the person in a flat position as much as possible and elevate the person's legs slightly. Also loosen any tight closing. This increases blood supply to the brain supplying more oxygen.

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Which one of the following is the precipitating factor of Vasodepressor syncope in the dental office?

In the dental office, fear and anxiety are common causes of syncope. Neurally mediated syncope (NMS) is the most common form of fainting and a frequent reason for emergency department visits. It's also called reflex, neurocardiogenic, vasovagal (VVS), or vasodepressor syncope.

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Which tablet is best for heart attack?

Medications given to treat a heart attack might include:
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What is in an emergency drug kit?

The emergency drugs kit from BOC Healthcare contains the following drugs as recommended by the Resuscitation Council UK for dental practices;
  • Glyceryl trinitrate (GTN) spray (400micrograms/dose)
  • Salbutamol aerosol inhaler (100micrograms/actuation)
  • Adrenaline injection (1:1000, 1mg/ml)
  • Aspirin dispersable (300mg)

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What is atropine used for in emergency situations?

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What is the emergency?

An emergency is a situation that poses an immediate risk to health, life, property, or environment. Most emergencies require urgent intervention to prevent a worsening of the situation, although in some situations, mitigation may not be possible and agencies may only be able to offer palliative care for the aftermath.

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What is resuscitation kit?

CPR kits are a necessity for any household or office. A CPR kit is not a product that helps the functionality of the CPR process. CPR kits are filled with products that help protect the rescuer not the patient.

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What are four emergencies a medical office should be prepared?

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What are some types of medical emergencies?

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  • Bleeding. Someone has injured themselves and the bleeding will not stop.
  • Breathing difficulties. Someone is having problems breathing – for example, having an asthma attack or an allergic reaction to something, this is known as anaphylaxis.
  • Someone collapses.
  • Fit and/or epileptic seizure.
  • Severe pain.
  • Heart attack.
  • A stroke.

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What are cardiac drugs?

Cardiovascular agents are medicines that are used to treat medical conditions associated with the heart or the circulatory system (blood vessels), such as arrhythmias, blood clots, coronary artery disease, high or low blood pressure, high cholesterol, heart failure, and stroke.

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What is critical in a medical emergency?

Critical emergency medicine (CREM) refers to the acute medical care of patients who have medical emergencies that pose an immediate threat to life, irrespective of location. In particular, the term is used to describe the role of anaesthesiologists in providing such care.

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Are dental offices required to have an AED?

Two more states require AEDs in dental offices. It will require all dental offices to have an AED and all dentists and hygienists to be certified in CPR. In Massachusetts, new regulations went into effect August 20 of this year mandating AEDs in dental practices that administer local anesthesia.