Asked by: Capilla Loizatemedical health heart and cardiovascular diseases
What is the most reliable and specific test for diagnosing disseminated intravascular coagulation DIC?
Last Updated: 20th March, 2020
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Likewise, what is the most reliable and specific test for diagnosing disseminated intravascular coagulation DIC )?
D-dimer is the better test for DIC. Accordingly, testing for D-dimer or FDPs may be helpful for differentiating DIC from other conditions that may be associated with a low platelet count and prolonged clotting times, such as chronic liver disease. Most laboratories have an operational test for D-dimer.
Additionally, what lab values indicate DIC? Laboratory findings suggestive of DIC consist of a low platelet count, elevation of the D-dimer and fibrinogen concentrations, and prolongation of prothrombin time (PT) and activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT).
Consequently, how do you test for disseminated intravascular coagulation?
Some routine tests that may be performed include:
- CBC (complete blood count) – includes a platelet count; in DIC, platelets are often low.
- Blood smears from individuals with DIC often show decreased number of platelets and presence of large platelets and fragmented red cells (schistocytes).
What is an early sign of DIC?
DIC may develop quickly over hours or days, or more slowly. Signs and symptoms may include bleeding, bruising, low blood pressure, shortness of breath, or confusion.