Asked by: Weiliang Cedron
medical health digestive disorders

What is the pathophysiology of abdominal pain?

Last Updated: 9th April, 2020

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Pathophysiology. Visceral pain comes from the abdominal viscera, which are innervated by autonomic nerve fibers and respond mainly to the sensations of distention and muscular contraction—not to cutting, tearing, or local irritation. Foregut structures (stomach, duodenum, liver, and pancreas) cause upper abdominal pain

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Similarly, it is asked, what is the pathogenesis of abdominal pain?

Abdominal pain can be induced by stimulation of visceral nociceptors. Activation of nociceptors usually requires previous sensitization by pathological events, such as inflammation, ischemia or acidosis. Both phenomena lead to a spread of pain to other body regions and an amplification of the pain perception.

what are the effects of abdominal pain? Share on Pinterest Nausea, vomiting, and a loose stool may accompany abdominal pain if the cause is gastroenteritis. Digestive problems are considered the most common cause of abdominal pain. Discomfort or irregularities in any organ or part of the abdomen can cause pain that radiates throughout the entire area.

Then, what causes acute abdominal pain?

Some of the most common causes of abdominal pain are appendicitis, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), pancreatitis, gallbladder disease, diverticulitis, and small bowel obstruction.

What are the signs and symptoms of an acute abdomen?

Symptoms predominantly include severe abdominal pain. Fever, constipation, bloody stool, rebound tenderness in the abdomen, abdominal rigidity and guarding, bloating, jaundice, colic, and migratory pain may also occur.

Related Question Answers

Bohdan Canta

Professional

How do you evaluate abdominal pain?

Evaluating abdominal pain requires an approach that relies on the likelihood of disease, patient history, physical examination, laboratory tests, and imaging studies. The location of pain is a useful starting point and will guide further evaluation. For example, right lower quadrant pain strongly suggests appendicitis.

Myrtle Denisovsky

Professional

What is an acute abdomen?

An acute abdomen refers to a sudden, severe abdominal pain. It is in many cases a medical emergency, requiring urgent and specific diagnosis. Several causes need immediate surgical treatment.

Loles Singleton

Professional

What is intra abdominal pain?

Acute Abdominal Pain. Abdominal pain is common and often inconsequential. Acute and severe abdominal pain, however, is almost always a symptom of intra-abdominal disease. The term acute abdomen refers to abdominal symptoms and signs of such severity or concern that disorders requiring surgery should be considered.

Lingzhi Aunkofer

Explainer

What can I take for abdominal pain?

For other types of pain, acetaminophen (Aspirin Free Anacin, Liquiprin, Panadol, Tylenol) might be helpful. But stay away from non-steroidal anti-inflammatories (NSAIDs) like aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil, Midol, Motrin), or naproxen (Naprosyn, Aleve, Anaprox, Naprelan). They can irritate your stomach.

Celi Diaz De Garayo

Explainer

What is epigastric pain?

Epigastric pain is pain that is localized to the region of the upper abdomen immediately below the ribs. Often, those who experience this type of pain feel it during or right after eating or if they lie down too soon after eating. It is a common symptom of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) or heartburn.

Noureddine Lacour

Explainer

What are the differential diagnosis of abdominal pain?

Differential diagnoses in abdominal pain organized by time course. AAA, abdominal aortic aneurysm; DKA, diabetic ketoacidosis; IBD, inflammatory bowel disease; IBS, irritable bowel syndrome; PID, pelvic inflammatory disease; PUD, peptic ulcer disease.

Soad Hullencremer

Pundit

What is Periumbilical pain?

Periumbilical pain is a type of abdominal pain that is localized in the region around or behind your belly button. This part of your abdomen is referred to as the umbilical region. It contains parts of your stomach, small and large intestine, and your pancreas.

Alegria Segade

Pundit

How is acute abdominal pain treated?

Stabilization includes administering IV fluids, analgesics, and, when appropriate, antibiotics. Once a patient has been stabilized and a diagnosis made, appropriate definitive therapy can be initiated. Definitive treatment can be medical or surgical, depending on the primary cause of acute abdomen.

Yordy Browne

Pundit

What is the best test for abdominal pain?

Ultrasonography is the initial imaging test of choice for patients presenting with right upper quadrant pain. Computed tomography (CT) is recommended for evaluating right or left lower quadrant pain. Conventional radiography has limited diagnostic value in the assessment of most patients with abdominal pain.

Guim Garttner

Pundit

What causes lower abdominal pain?

Abdominal pain can be caused by many conditions. However, the main causes are infection, abnormal growths, inflammation, obstruction (blockage), and intestinal disorders. Infections in the throat, intestines, and blood can cause bacteria to enter your digestive tract, resulting in abdominal pain.

Eulogio Lewandowsk

Pundit

How do you know if stomach pain is muscular?

If people have pulled a muscle, they may notice the following symptoms in and around the abdomen:
  1. soreness or tenderness.
  2. pain or discomfort when touching the abdomen.
  3. swelling.
  4. bruising.
  5. muscle spasms.
  6. difficulty stretching the muscle.
  7. pain when moving or stretching.
  8. pain after an injury or excessive exercise.

Coy BaraƱano

Teacher

What are the complications of acute abdomen?

Complications of Abdominal Pain
  • Bleeding from the GI tract (e.g., blood in the stool or spitting up blood)
  • Bloating (abdominal tenderness and swelling [distention])
  • Changes in bowel habits (e.g., constipation, diarrhea)
  • Fatigue.
  • Fever.
  • Inability to have a bowel movement.
  • Loss of appetite.

Julia Gomez Monedero

Teacher

What is Murphy's sign?

Murphy's Sign. A Murphy sign is a “catch” in the breath elicited by gently pressing on the right upper quadrant and asking the patient to take a deep breath.

Juanita Tenoort

Teacher

What does colicky abdominal pain feel like?

Colic in adults
In adults, colicky pain is usually a sharp, localized gastrointestinal or urinary pain that can arise abruptly, and tends to come and go in spasmlike waves.

Stiven Tomkavit

Teacher

How do you test for abdominal guarding?

Abdominal guarding is the tensing of the abdominal wall muscles to guard inflamed organs within the abdomen from the pain of pressure upon them. The tensing is detected when the abdominal wall is pressed.

Donnetta Schepetkov

Reviewer

How do I know if it's gas or appendicitis?

The most telltale symptom of appendicitis is a sudden, sharp pain that starts on the right side of your lower abdomen.

Other symptoms of appendicitis often include:
  1. nausea and vomiting.
  2. a low-grade fever.
  3. diarrhea or constipation.
  4. abdominal bloating.
  5. little or no appetite.

Keri Stampff

Reviewer

What is diverticulitis pain?

The signs and symptoms of diverticulitis include: Pain, which may be constant and persist for several days. The lower left side of the abdomen is the usual site of the pain. Sometimes, however, the right side of the abdomen is more painful, especially in people of Asian descent. Abdominal tenderness.

Niels Bakhanov

Reviewer

What cancer causes abdominal pain?

Abdominal pain. Pancreatic cancer can cause a dull ache in the upper abdomen radiating to the back. The pain may come and go.

Diara Sama

Reviewer

Can abdominal pain be a sign of cancer?

Unexplained weight loss: Lack of appetite or unexplained weight loss is a common sign of cancer. Stomach pain: Abdominal discomfort or pain in the abdomen above the navel may be a symptom of a stomach tumor. Also, swelling or fluid build-up in the abdomen may also be caused by stomach cancer.