Asked by: Palmiro Boal
science chemistry

What is the relationship between ATP and ADP quizlet?

Last Updated: 17th February, 2020

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ATP is a ???????? ???????????? / ?????????????????? molecule that is converted into ???????????????????????? / ?????????? ???????????? ADP when a phosphategroup is removed and energy is released. ADP is convertedback into ATP by the addition of a ???????????????????????????? / ???????? ????????????????.

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People also ask, what is the relationship between ATP and ADP?

Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is the main energycarrier molecule used living things. The difference between ATPand ADP, or adenosine diphosphate, is found in the number ofphosphate groups, 3 for ATP and 2 forADP.

Also, what is the relationship between carbohydrates and ATP? Carbohydrate catabolism. Digestion is thebreakdown of carbohydrates to yield an energy rich compoundcalled ATP. The production of ATP is achieved throughthe oxidation of glucose molecules. In oxidation, the electrons arestripped from a glucose molecule to reduce NAD+ andFAD.

Similarly, you may ask, how are ATP and ADP similar and different?

ATP stands for Adenosine Triphosphate. When oneof the three phosphates are removed the resulting compound iscalled ADP, Adenosine Diphosphate. ADP can beconverted back into ATP so that it can be used again. Energyis required to do this, but the but there is an overall gain inenergy when the process occurs.

How does ADP get converted to ATP quizlet?

ATP forms through ADP which combines withphosphoric acids and energy. However, while adenine and ribosecombine to form ADP. A water molecule is releasedthrough this joining of molecules. ADP forms throughATP which gives off energy.

Related Question Answers

Petranka Ingrid

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What is the importance of ATP and ADP?

ADP and ATP and their importance!ADP:- ADP stands for Adenosine DiPhosphate.ATP:- ATP stands for Adenosine TriPhosphate. It is anenergy rich molecule which is called currency of energy for livingorganisms. Energy stored in ATPs which is used by the cellsfor every energy consuming process.

Violetta Kuntzmann

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What is ATP ADP cycle?

The “ATP/ADP cycle” is thecontinuously ongoing “energy recycling,” throughoxidative phosphorylation of “low energy” adenosinediphosphate (ADP) molecules, to “high energy”adenosine triphosphate (ATP) molecules (binding energy), andthe subsequent hydrolysis of ATP molecules back toADP (releasing energy),

Jhony Badillo

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What does ATP stand for?

adenosine triphosphate, ATP(noun) a nucleotidederived from adenosine that occurs in muscle tissue; the majorsource of energy for cellular reactions.

Yoanna Riverola

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Where is ATP stored?

The energy for the synthesis of ATP comes fromthe breakdown of foods and phosphocreatine (PC). Phosphocreatine isalso known as creatine phosphate and like existing ATP; itis stored inside muscle cells. Because it is storedin muscle cells phosphocreatine is readily available to produceATP quickly.

Yongfeng Bagina

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How is ATP made from ADP?

ADP is combined with a phosphate to formATP in the reaction ADP+Pi+freeenergy→ATP+H2O. The energy released from the hydrolysisof ATP into ADP is used to perform cellular work,usually by coupling the exergonic reaction of ATP hydrolysiswith endergonic reactions.

Nabila Rath

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What is difference between ATP and ADP?

ATP has three phosphate groups, whereasADP has two phosphate groups on its ribosesugar.

Diaby Shadhan

Pundit

What is the process called when ADP becomes ATP?

These molecules are held together by high energy bonds.This process of a phosphate group being added to ADPto become ATP is called photophosphoylation.ATP is used by cells for energy. When the energy is used itagain become ADP.

Genowefa Meixedo

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What is ATP used for?

The Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) molecule is thenucleotide known in biochemistry as the "molecular currency" ofintracellular energy transfer; that is, ATP is able to storeand transport chemical energy within cells. ATP also playsan important role in the synthesis of nucleic acids.

Hammad Candea

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What is the difference between AMP ADP and ATP?

Expert Answers
ADP stands for adenosine diphosphate. AMPstands for adenosine monophosphate. Therefore, one differencebetween ATP, ADP, and AMP is the number ofphosphates associated with each compound. Another differencesbetween the three molecules is the amount of energy storedwithin each molecule.

Vladas Illarreta

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What is ATP and NADH?

It produces ATP and carbon dioxide. Cellularrespiration has three steps, each designed to generate NADH,which carries electrons to the electron transport chain. Inglycolysis, two NADH and two ATP are produced, as aretwo pyruvate.

Adalid Haggenmiller

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How does ATP provide energy?

Turning ATP Into Energy
Whenever a cell needs energy, it breaks thebeta-gamma phosphate bond to create adenosine diphosphate (ADP) anda free phosphate molecule. Cells get energy in the form ofATP through a process called respiration, a series ofchemical reactions oxidizing six-carbon glucose to form carbondioxide.

Yocasta Mosbruck

Teacher

What foods are high in ATP?

The ATP your body produces and stores comes fromthe oxygen you breathe and the food you eat. Boost yourATP with fatty acids and protein from lean meats likechicken and turkey, fatty fish like salmon and tuna, andnuts.

Abelino Aristondo

Teacher

Is ATP a monosaccharide?

Monosaccharides (e.g. glucose) and disaccharides(e.g. sucrose) are relatively small molecules. They are oftencalled sugars. Other carbohydrate molecules are very large(polysaccharides such as starch and cellulose). components of othermolecules eg DNA, RNA, glycolipids, glycoproteins,ATP.

Anoar Muhlenberg

Teacher

Is ATP a nucleic acid?

Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP), orAdenosine-5'-triphosphate, is another important nucleicacid. The structure of ATP consists of the purine baseadenine, attached to the 1' carbon atom of the pentose sugarribose. Three phosphate groups are attached at the 5' carbon atomof the pentose sugar.

Luisina Griessbaum

Teacher

Why are carbohydrates important in body functions?

Your body uses these foods to make glucose, whichis your body's main energy source. Glucose is a type ofsugar that can be used right away for energy or stored away to beused later. "Carbohydrates provide the body with theenergy it needs and are a good source of many vitamins andminerals.

Basilio Cañeque

Reviewer

Why is ATP important in our body?

ATP functions as the energy currency for cells.It allows the cell to store energy briefly and transport it withinthe cell to support endergonic chemical reactions. The structure ofATP is that of an RNA nucleotide with three phosphatesattached.

Yuhong Chi

Reviewer

How much ATP is produced from carbohydrates?

In accounting for the total number of ATPproduced per glucose molecule through aerobic respiration, itis important to remember the following points: A net of twoATP are produced through glycolysis (fourproduced and two consumed during the energy-consumingstage).

Vitalino Lil

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How does food turn into ATP?

Glucose, found in the food animals eat, is brokendown during the process of cellular respiration into anenergy source called ATP. When excess ATP and glucoseare present, the liver converts them into a molecule calledglycogen, which is stored for later use.

Elisabete Horanov

Reviewer

What is glucose broken down into?

The series of steps where glucose is brokendown to release energy begins with a metabolic pathway calledglycolysis. Glycolysis is the "lysing" or cutting of glucoseto release energy. The six carbon sugar, glucose, is cut inhalf and converted into two three carbon sugars calledpyruvate.