Asked by: Sokhna Rihman
science geology

What type of building can withstand a tsunami?

Last Updated: 25th January, 2020

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Reinforced concrete or steel-frame structuresarerecommended for vertical evacuation structures.Mitigateresistance. Design structures to let the water flowthrough. Buildmulti-story structures, with the first floor beingopen (or onstilts) or breakaway so the major force of watercan movethrough.

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Keeping this in view, what materials can withstand a tsunami?

The building would have sea walls to the front andrear,says Yumei Wang, a geotechnical engineer for the state, andsitupon concrete pillars reinforced with tension steel cables.Thesewould allow water and debris from a tsunami topassunderneath while local residents take refuge on the upper floorandroof.

Subsequently, question is, how can you protect your house from a tsunami? How to Protect Your Property

  1. Avoid building or living in buildings within severalhundredfeet of the coastline.
  2. Make a list of items to bring inside in the event ofatsunami.
  3. Elevate coastal homes.
  4. Follow flood preparedness precautions.
  5. Have an engineer check your home and advise about ways tomakeit more resistant to tsunami water.

Regarding this, can tsunamis destroy buildings?

Destruction. The amount of energy and water containedina huge tsunami can cause extreme destruction when itstrikesland. Tsunami waves destroy boats,buildings,bridges, cars, trees, telephone lines, power lines- and just aboutanything else in their way.

How are buildings made to withstand earthquakes?

To withstand collapse, buildings needtoredistribute the forces that travel through them during aseismicevent. Shear walls, cross braces, diaphragms, andmoment-resistingframes are central to reinforcing abuilding. Shear wallsare a useful building technologythat helps to transferearthquake forces.

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Can you survive a tsunami in a submarine?

The ocean could be affected by hightsunamiand/or pressure waves in the case of a largeasteroid or cometimpact. Most current submarines cansurvive at a depth of 400m, so they might survive longpressure spikes created by thewaves above them as high as200–400 m, but not kilometer sizewaves.

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How tall can a tsunami get?

In some places a tsunami may cause the sea torisevertically only a few inches or feet. In otherplacestsunamis have been known to surge vertically as highas 100feet (30 meters). Most tsunamis cause the sea to risenomore than 10 feet (3 meters).

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Can you outrun a tsunami?

No, You Can't Outrun a Tsunami. Yet amythpersists that a person could outrun a tsunami. That'sjustnot possible, tsunami safety experts told LiveScience,evenfor Usain Bolt, one of the world's quickestsprinters.Getting to high ground or high elevation is the only wayto survivethe monster waves.

Rhut Obi

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Can a tsunami knock down a skyscraper?

3 Answers. With the exception of the 'meteor'styleevent, a tsunami wave isn't actually that high. I doubtthewater itself would ever down a skyscraper, howeverIcould see a tsunami crashing enough debris(includinghouses) into the foundations of these buildings to causeenoughstructural damage to bring one down.

Frieda Argenti

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When was the last tsunami in Hawaii?

Hawaii residents might have troublerememberingthe last time a tsunami devastated theislands, but alook at the history books shows Hawaii hasindeed been hitby its share of destructive waves. The earliest onrecord wasreported in 1813 or 1814 — and the worst occurredin 1946,killing 173 people.

Nareme Coronho

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How far can a mega tsunami travel inland?

Waves of this type are called Mega Tsunami.Theyare so great that they can reach several hundred metersinheight, travel at the speed of a jet aircraft and get upto12 miles (20 Kilometers) inland.

Yaxin Wenisch

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How do tsunamis work?

Tsunamis, which can travel over the oceansurfacefrom many hundreds of miles, can be generated when chunks oftheplanet's crust separate under the seafloor, causing anearthquake.Here's what happens: One slab of lifting crustessentially rapidlyacts as a giant paddle, transferring its energyto thewater.

Alegria Haupthof

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How do you know a tsunami is coming?

Witnesses have reported that anapproachingtsunami is sometimes preceded by a noticeablefall or rise inthe water level. If you see the ocean recedingunusually rapidly orfar it's a good sign that a big wave is on itsway. Go to highground immediately.

Daliza Kraemer

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How long does a tsunami last?

Large tsunamis may continue for days insomelocations, reaching their peak often a couple of hoursafterarrival and gradually tapering off after that. The timebetweentsunami crests (the tsunami's period) rangesfromapproximately five minutes to two hours. Dangeroustsunamicurrents can last for days.

Billy Adoff

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What should you not do during a tsunami?

Be Safe AFTER
  • Listen to local alerts and authorities for information onareasto avoid and shelter locations.
  • Avoid wading in floodwater, which can containdangerousdebris.
  • Be aware of the risk of electrocution.
  • Stay away from damaged buildings, roads, and bridges.
  • Document property damage with photographs.

Kbira Ahmedova

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Lafdil Hengelhaupt

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How do you make a tsunami?

Tsunami waves are formed as the displacedwater,which acts under the influence of gravity, attempts to findastable position again. Undersea landslides, which can be causedbylarge earthquakes, can also cause tsunami waves to formaswater attempts to find a stable position.

Casio Bruschi

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How do you survive a tsunami on an island?

The first thing you should try to do, if possible, istomove away from the coast, lagoons or other bodies of water,towardshigher ground and even into hills or mountains. Move untilyou areeither 2 miles (3,200 m) inland or 100 feet (30 m) above sealevel.Expect roads to be totally wiped out byatsunami.

Abdenasser Gschwender

Teacher

Can a tsunami hit NYC?

What would happen if a large tsunami hitNewYork City? Yes, the East Coast (includingNYC)DOES have faults, but generally, they're muchquieter thanin the West Coast. That being said, that doesnot eliminatean earthquake/tsunami threat.

Yaroslav Paradinha

Reviewer

What should you do before during and after a tsunami?

During a tsunami
  • Take your getaway kit with you if possible.
  • Take your pets with you if you can do so safely.
  • Move immediately to the nearest higher ground, or as farinlandas you can.
  • Walk or bike if possible and drive only if essential.

Adelto Geiter

Reviewer

What type of buildings can withstand earthquakes?

Wood and steel have more give than stucco,unreinforcedconcrete, or masonry, and they are favored materialsforbuilding in fault zones. Skyscrapers everywhere mustbereinforced to withstand strong forces from high winds,butin quake zones, there are additionalconsiderations.

Jie Vyaltsev

Reviewer

Can my house withstand an earthquake?

The answer varies on a case-to-case basis, becauseeveryhome is unique. When, where, how and of what a home is builtfromare all factors that will play into its abilitytowithstand a major earthquake. Thesematerialscan hold up a house but cannotwithstand the shaking of astrongearthquake.

Thierry Giardini

Reviewer

Are buildings in Japan earthquake proof?

Fortunately, all buildings in Japan arerequiredto have an earthquake-resistant structure,whichmeans that new construction can only be approved throughrigorouscompliance with earthquake-proof standardsset bylaw.

Edelma Escande

Supporter

What is the most earthquake resistant building?

Top 10 earthquake resistant buildings of theworld
  • Utah State Capitol. For the U.S. state, the Utah StateCapitolis the house of government.
  • Sabiha Gökçen International Airport.
  • Taipei 101.
  • The Burj Khalifa.
  • The Yokohama Landmark Tower.
  • The U.S Bank Tower.
  • The Transamerica Pyramid.
  • The Petronas Towers.