Asked by: Ravana El Ghalbzouri
sports rowing

What were Greek warships called?

Last Updated: 3rd February, 2020

18
trireme

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Furthermore, what is a trireme in ancient Greece?

riːm/; derived from Latin: trirēmis "with three banks of oars"; Ancient Greek: τριήρης triērēs, literally "three-rower") was an ancient vessel and a type of galley that was used by the ancient maritime civilizations of the Mediterranean, especially the Phoenicians, ancient Greeks and Romans.

Subsequently, question is, what was the name of ancient Greece? The ancient and modern name of the country is Hellas or Hellada (Greek: Ελλάς, Ελλάδα; in polytonic: ?λλάς, ?λλάδα), and its official name is the Hellenic Republic "Helliniki Dimokratia".

Just so, which of the following is a reason for Greek ships to be called triremes?

The trireme was so-called because of the arrangement of rowers in three lines down the length of each side of the ship. Consequently, the total number of rowers could have been between 170 and 180, allowing a speed of as high as nine or ten knots in short bursts.

How were ancient Greek ships built?

The Greeks added a layer of brass to the tip of their warships to make their ships work effectively as a battering ram when needed. Greek ships, whatever their purpose, were powered by sails and oarsmen. They were built to turn briskly and move rapidly through the waters of the Mediterranean Sea.

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How fast did ancient Greek ships travel?

When we combine all the above evidence we find that under favorable wind conditions, ancient vessels averaged between 4 and 6 knots over open water, and 3 to 4 knots while working through islands or along coasts.

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Why do Greek ships have eyes?

They believed that carving eyes, or wings, or sometimes a full body, would bring them luck and if they listened they would not be shipwrecked and the boat would see around obstacles. They were calling upon the Gods and Goddesses to guide their boats.

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What was the first ship to sail?

The oldest discovered sea faring hulled boat is the Late Bronze Age Uluburun shipwreck off the coast of Turkey, dating back to 1300 BC. The Phoenicians, the first to sail completely around Africa, and Greeks gradually mastered navigation at sea aboard triremes, exploring and colonizing the Mediterranean via ship.

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What were Triremes made of?

A Trireme is an ancient oar-driven warship powered by about 170 oars men. It was long and slender, had three tiers of oars and one sail. On the bow was a battering ram that was used to destroy enemy ships. The tip of the ram was made of bronze and could easily slice through the side of a wooden ship.

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When did hoplites exist?

The exact time when hoplite warfare was developed is uncertain, the prevalent theory being that it was established sometime during the 8th or 7th century BC, when the "heroic age was abandoned and a far more disciplined system introduced" and the Argive shield became popular.

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How long was the Greek Golden Age?

The Classical Period or Golden Age of Greece, from around 500 to 300 BC, has given us the great monuments, art, philosophy, architecture and literature which are the building blocks of our own civilization. The two most well known city-states during this period were the rivals: Athens and Sparta.

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How much did a trireme cost?

For example, a 150-200 man crew of a trireme might be paid 1 talent per month. So, at $750,000 per talent that would be $3,750 per month per man or $45,000 per year which is about what the average Navy sailor makes right now.

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How did a trireme work?

To Rule the Seas
One of the most advanced warships of its time, the Greek trireme dominated the coastline of the Mediterranean. Its light weight and three levels of oars manned by 170 rowers allowed for speed and maneuverability that won the naval Battle of Salamis during the Persian War.

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What was considered one of the most brutal naval actions of the era?

The Battle of Arginusae
One of the most legendary naval clashes in Greek history, the Battle of Arginusae came in 406 B.C. during the Peloponnesian War between Athens and Sparta.

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What were Roman ships made of?

Ancient naval vessels were made of wood, water-proofed using pitch and paint, and propelled by both sail and oars. Ships with multiple levels of rowers, such as the trireme, were fast and manoeuvrable enough to attack enemy vessels by ramming.

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Why was Athens Navy so strong?

Athens used money generated from their silver deposits to build ships and train the soldiers who would fight in the navy. Being in the Athenian Navy was a paid position. The navy grew stronger and when the time came, Themistocles proved to be correct. The Athenian Navy was far superior to the Persian Navy.

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What kind of ship did Odysseus sail?

Odysseus's Ship is Referred to as a Homeric Galley
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What is the offensive weapon of the trireme?

Triremes also possessed sails but they were not used during combat. A Trireme's main offensive weapon was its "beak," a stout piece of sharpened wood (often clad in metal) which protruded directly forward from its bow, at or below the waterline.

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What would pirates do to the cargo and crew of a ship if they captured it?

When pirates successfully captured a ship, they had to deal with its crew. They could make the victims part of their own crew, kill them or sell them as slaves. Or, pirates could maroon the victims on an island, leaving them with few if any provisions.

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How old is Greece?

Ancient Greece (Greek: ?λλάς, romanized: Hellás) was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 12th–9th centuries BC to the end of antiquity ( c. AD 600). Immediately following this period was the beginning of the Early Middle Ages and the Byzantine era.

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What is ancient Greece famous for?

Ancient Greece is most known for being the birthplace of democracy, its artists,famous philosophers, and scientists.