Asked by: Aquilino Mcmillan
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Where are the stomata present on a tomato plant?

Last Updated: 22nd May, 2021

Just inside the cuticle lies the epidermis. Note that the epidermis surrounds the leaf and is therefore visible on the abaxial (lower) and adaxial (upper) sides of the leaf in cross section. The epidermis contains stomata. Note the stoma on the abaxial side of the leaf in the cross section on the right.

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Then, do tomato plants have stomata?

Leaf Stomata and Tomato Plants. Plants are like humans in as much that they have pores. In plants the pores are called stomata and are mainly on the underside of leaves. As water is lost out of the leaves, water is drawn in through the roots.

Similarly, how do I identify a tomato plant? You can even grow tomato plants in a pot on your balcony if you don't have a big garden. However, if you have never grown tomatoes, there are ways to identify a tomato plant by its leaves. Identify a tomato plant by its color. The leaves are medium green to a deep green in color.

Also asked, where are stomata present?

Most stomata are usually found beneath the leaves (on the underside). This is to protect the plant from water loss. There they are well hidden from the sun in the shade of the leaf itself so the sun cannot evaporate the water that keeps the structure of the stomata proper.

Are stomata on the top or bottom?

The air spaces are all interconnected and lead to the outside of the leaf through stomata. The lower epidermis is located on the underside of leaves. Stomata are usually present on the lower epidermis. On the other hand, monocot plants such as corn can have their stomata on both the top and bottom sides of leaves.

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Why do stomata close at night?

Closed for the Night
In order to minimize excessive water loss, stomata tend to close at night, when photosynthesis is not occurring and there is less benefit to taking in carbon dioxide.

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What is the difference between stoma and stomata?

In botany, a stoma (plural "stomata"), also called a stomate (plural "stomates") (from Greek στόμα, "mouth"), is a pore, found in the epidermis of leaves, stems, and other organs, that facilitates gas exchange. Dicotyledons usually have more stomata on the lower surface of the leaves than the upper surface.

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What is a tomato leaf?

Tomato Leaf Anatomy. The tomato plant has compound leaves. A compound leaf is made up of leaflets which are distributed along the leaf rachis. While the entire leaf is connected to the stem by the petiole, the leaflets are connected to the rachis of the leaf by the petiolule.

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Is the number of stomata same in the leaves of all plants?

No, even single leaf of a plant doesn't have same no. The number of stomata on leaf surfaces varies widely among different species of plants. The lower epidermis of the leaf tends to have a higher total than the upper surface. The average number of stomata is about 300 per square mm of leaf surface.

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What are the 3 functions of stomata?

Stomata (1 of 3) Function. Image caption: Carbon dioxide enters, while water and oxygen exit, through a leaf's stomata. Stomata control a tradeoff for the plant: they allow carbon dioxide in, but they also let precious water escape.

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Which plants have leaves without pores?

Balanophora plants have leaves without pores .

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Which plants have more stomata?

In vascular plants the number, size and distribution of stomata varies widely. Dicotyledons usually have more stomata on the lower surface of the leaves than the upper surface. Monocotyledons such as onion, oat and maize may have about the same number of stomata on both leaf surfaces.

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How do stomata function?

Taking in oxygen is very important because it allows your cells to do things, like make energy from the food you eat. Plants 'breathe' too, but they do it through tiny openings in leaves called stomata (singular: stoma). Stomata open and close to allow the intake of carbon dioxide and the release of oxygen.

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What regulates the opening and closing of stomata?

Guard cells are cells surrounding each stoma. They help to regulate the rate of transpiration by opening and closing the stomata. In figure B, the guard cells have lost water, which causes the cells to become flaccid and the stomatal opening to close.

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Can you see stomata on a leaf?

Stomata are usually found on both the top and the bottom of a leaf. Many plants have more stomata on the underside of the leaf. 2- If it is not possible then place a clear nail polish in it and after drying place a transparent tape over it and peel it and transfer it under a microscope to see the stomata.

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What is stomata in biology?

Definition. noun, plural: stomata. (botany) A tiny pore in a plant leaf surrounded by a pair of guard cells that regulate its opening and closure, and serves as the site for gas exchange. (zoology) Mouth-like opening, such as the stoma (or the oral cavities) of nematodes.

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What do tomato leaves look like?

Regular Leaf Tomatoes
The shape and color of the leaves can vary – from slightly serrated to extremely and from a light pale green to a deep dark green and almost a bluish leaf. The width and length of the leaf can vary a lot as well from small narrow leaves which almost always curl to long and wide leaves that droop.

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What causes tomato plant leaves to curl?

Heat and low moisture can cause the edges of the tomato leaves to die back, then twist and curl. Hot dry weather may also cause a symptom called physiological leaf roll. This is a self- defense response, where leaves and leaflets curl slightly to prevent further water loss (Fig. 6).

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How much should you prune tomato plants?

You want to start pruning tomato plants a when they get to be about 1 – 2 feet (30-60 cm.) tall. Any smaller than this, and the plant may not recover from the shock of being pruned. By the time your tomato plant gets to be this size, the plant will have branches coming off the main stem.

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How do you prune an indeterminate tomato plant?

To properly prune an indeterminate tomato, prune all suckers from the ground level up to the second flower cluster. See diagram 2. Follow the same instructions as for determinate tomatoes. Pruning tomatoes encourages larger fruit production at the top of the plant.

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What types of tomatoes are determinate?

  • Ace 55 Heirloom Tomato. Heirloom.
  • Amelia Tomato. A great garden tomato, this variety is especially popular in Texas, where it made its debut at the 2004 and
  • Better Bush Tomato.
  • Biltmore Tomato.
  • Bonnie Centennial Tomato.
  • Bush Early Girl Tomato.
  • Bush Goliath Tomato.
  • Celebrity Tomato.