Asked by: Zuria Leite
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Where do terrigenous sediments accumulate Why do they accumulate here?

Last Updated: 29th May, 2020

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Why do they accumulate here? Terrigenous sediments accumulate on the abyssal plain because deep sea sediments are derived from different sources that comprise of biota.

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Subsequently, one may also ask, where is most terrigenous sediment found?

Terrigenous sediment, deep-sea sediment transported to the oceans by rivers and wind from land sources. Terrigeneous sediments that reach the continental shelf are often stored in submarine canyons on the continental slope. Turbidity currents carry these sediments down into the deep sea.

Additionally, what happens to the size of sediment as you get farther away from the shoreline explain what is happening? As the water from the stream combines with the water in the lake, its speed slows down sharply. Once this occurs, the larger grains of sediment become too heavy for the current to move. As a result, finer grains of sediment are usually found farther from shorelines.

Also asked, what is the main source of terrigenous sediments?

Sources of terrigenous sediments include volcanoes, weathering of rocks, wind-blown dust, grinding by glaciers, and sediment carried by icebergs.

What sediments accumulate most rapidly?

Terrigenous sediment accumulates the most rapidly and cosmogenic sediment accumulates the least rapidly.

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What are the 4 types of sediments?

There are four kinds of marine sediments, Lithogenous, biogenous, hydrogenous and cosmogenous. Lithogenous are from the land, they form through the weathering process and are composed of small particles from weathered rock and volcanic activity.

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Where is Biogenous sediment found?

Oceanographers find them in deep abyssal plains and below the CCD in high latitude regions. They usually originate from teeth, bones, or shells from animals such as whales, fish, algae, or protozoans. Biogenous sediment can be microscopic or macroscopic.

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How are sediments classified?

Sedimentary rocks are classified based on how they form and on the size of the sediments, if they are clastic. Clastic sedimentary rocks are formed from rock fragments, or clasts; chemical sedimentary rocks precipitate from fluids; and biochemical sedimentary rocks form as precipitation from living organisms.

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What are the three types of seafloor sediments?

There are three kinds of sea floor sediment: terrigenous, pelagic, and hydrogenous. Terrigenous sediment is derived from land and usually deposited on the continental shelf, continental rise, and abyssal plain.

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What is Hydrogenous sediment made up of?

Hydrogenous sediments are made up of dissolved material in the ocean water. Examples include sediments made from manganese, iron an other metals.

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What is siliceous ooze mostly composed of?

Siliceous ooze are pelagic deposits that can be found on the deep ocean floor. Siliceous oozes are mainly made up of the silica based shells of microscopic marine organisms such as diatoms and radiolarians.

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What does sediment look like?

Sediment is solid material that is moved and deposited in a new location. Sediment can consist of rocks and minerals, as well as the remains of plants and animals. It can be as small as a grain of sand or as large as a boulder. Sediment moves from one place to another through the process of erosion.

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Where are you most likely to find Hydrogenous sediments?

In special places, hydrogenous sediments are common on the ocean floor, like the sulfides that solidify out of ocean water at hydrothermal vents or salts that solidify and coat the bottom of warm-water lagoons as water evaporates away.

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How is Terrigenous formed?

Terrigenous Sediment: Sediments From Land
Types of rocks that form from terrigenous sediments include sandstones, mudstones and shales. Terrigenous sediments begin forming when erosion breaks apart rocks on land. Water, wind or sometimes ice carries these particles of rocks, or sediments, away from their source.

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What is Terrigenous deposit?

The terrigenous deposits are those which are found on the continental shelves and slopes and mainly consist of the rock material derived because of wear and tear. The pelagic deposits are those which are found over deep sea plains and the deeps. These deposits mainly consist of organic remains of plants and animals.

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How does abyssal clay form?

Abyssal plains result from the blanketing of an originally uneven surface of oceanic crust by fine-grained sediments, mainly clay and silt. Much of this sediment is deposited by turbidity currents that have been channelled from the continental margins along submarine canyons into deeper water.

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What are Cosmogenous sediments?

12.5 Cosmogenous Sediments. Cosmogenous sediment is derived from extraterrestrial sources, and comes in two primary forms; microscopic spherules and larger meteor debris. These high impact collisions eject particles into the atmosphere that eventually settle back down to Earth and contribute to the sediments.

Benjamina Senso

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Where do the thickest deposits of terrigenous sediment typically form?

The thickest accumulations of sediments in the world are in the oceans. All but 8% of the world's sediment is in the ocean in piles up to 9 km thick. The thickest accumulation are on the continental slopes and rises.

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Why does calcareous material dissolve below the CCD?

Below the CCD, weak acid is formed, which dissolves calcareous material. Calcareous ooze would not be found below the CCD. The ooze accumulates above the CCD and then is covered before being transported to deeper depths by sea floor spreading.

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What are terrigenous and pelagic sediments?

Pelagic sediments, either terrigenous or biogenic, are those that are deposited very slowly in the open ocean either by settling through the volume of oceanic water or by precipitation. The sinking rates of pelagic sediment grains are extremely slow because they ordinarily are no larger…

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What type of sediment covers the most area of the oceans?

Terrigenous sediments are the most abundant. As the name implies, terrigenous sediment originates on the continents or islands near them. They are carried to the ocean in rivers and streams, or by winds as blowing dust, and dominate the continental margins, abyssal plains, and polar ocean floors.

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What are Biogenous sediments?

Biogenous sediments are broadly defined as sediments consisting of large amounts of skeletal remains of macroscopic and microscopic organisms or remains of organic production.

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What two factors determine the physical characteristics of sediments?

What two factors determine the physical characteristics of sediments? Name the four agents that transport sediments. Water, ice, wind and the effects of gravity.

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What affects beach profile?

The shoreline is affected by waves (produced by wind at sea) and tides (produced by the gravitational effect of the moon and sun). Waves are caused by wind. Wave height in the open ocean is determined by three factors. The greater the wind speed the larger the waves.