Asked by: Oretha Wilmsen
science geology

Which type of magma is the least likely for form Pyroclastics?

Last Updated: 13th February, 2020

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Basaltic

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Considering this, what type of lava is least likely to form a pyroclastic flow?

Basaltic

Subsequently, question is, which kind of magma produces a quiet volcanic eruption? basaltic

Secondly, what type of magma has the lowest viscosity?

Non explosive eruptions are favored by low gas content and low viscosity magmas (basaltic to andesitic magmas). If the viscosity is low, non-explosive eruptions usually begin with fire fountains due to release of dissolved gases. When magma reaches the surface of the earth, it is called lava.

What type of magma does Mt St Helens have?

Helens is a large eruptive cone consisting of lava rock interlayered with ash, pumice, and other deposits. The mountain includes layers of basalt and andesite through which several domes of dacite lava have erupted.

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Isreal Nezamutdinov

Professional

How hot is pyroclastic flow?

The gases can reach temperatures of about 1,000 °C (1,830 °F). Pyroclastic flows are a common and devastating result of certain explosive eruptions; they normally touch the ground and hurtle downhill, or spread laterally under gravity.

Raimondas Zancajo

Professional

Can you survive a pyroclastic flow?

Even if you could stay ahead of the lava, you'd never survive the pyroclastic flow, an unimaginably hot, fast-moving cloud of ash, rock, gas and debris that wipes out everything in its path.

Eulises Schweisguth

Professional

What is pyroclastic material made of?

Pyroclastic material is another name for a cloud of ash, lava fragments carried through the air, and vapor. Such a flow is usually *very* hot, and moves *rapidly* due to buoyancy provided by the vapors. Pyroclastic flows can extend miles from the volcano, and devastate life and property within their paths.

Anghelina Lars

Explainer

What is lava made of?

When lava erupts it is made up of a slush of crystals, liquid, and bubbles. The liquid "freezes" to form volcanic glass. Chemically lava is made of the elements silicon, oxygen, aluminum, iron, magnesium, calcium, sodium, potassium, phosphorus, and titanium (plus other elements in very small concentrations.

Dawood Madinabeitia

Explainer

When was the last pyroclastic flow?

One notorious example of a pyroclastic flow happening elsewhere was the eruption of Mount Pelée on the island of Martinique on May 8 1902. Pyroclastic flows destroyed the town of Saint-Pierre and killed an estimated 30,000 people.

Abubakari Caldentey

Explainer

What is the difference between magma and lava?

What is the difference between magma and lava? Magma is composed of molten rock and is stored in the Earth's crust. Lava is magma that reaches the surface of our planet through a volcano vent.

Kebira Agapoff

Pundit

Do all volcanoes have pyroclastic flow?

Stratovolcanoes show interlayering of lava flows and typically up to 50 percent pyroclastic material, which is why they are sometimes called composite volcanoes. Pyroclastic flows are high-density mixtures of hot, dry rock fragments and hot gases that move away from the vent that erupted them at high speeds.

Claustro NavareƱo

Pundit

What is the force of a volcano?

Although there are several factors triggering a volcanic eruption, three predominate: the buoyancy of the magma, the pressure from the exsolved gases in the magma and the injection of a new batch of magma into an already filled magma chamber.

Davide Hornero

Pundit

What are the 3 types of magma?

The high temperatures and pressure under Earth's crust keep magma in its fluid state. There are three basic types of magma: basaltic, andesitic, and rhyolitic, each of which has a different mineral composition.

Colene Pasonk

Pundit

What is rhyolitic lava?

Rhyolite is a felsic extrusive rock. Due to the high silica content, rhyolite lava is very viscous. It flows slowly, like tooth paste squeezed out of a tube, and tends to pile up and form lava domes. Rhyolite is the volcanic equivalent of granite.

Mareike Lohse

Pundit

What is the most explosive magma?

Rhyolitic magmas tend to have even higher viscosity, ranging between 1 million and 100 million times more viscous than water.

Ariane Turiel

Teacher

What is the most viscous lava?

This flows quickly out of a volcano at a temperature of about 950 degrees Celsius. This flows out for great distances creating shield volcanoes or flood basalt fields. An example of high viscosity lava is felsic lava, like rhyolite or dacite. It erupts at lower temperatures, and can flow for tens of kilometers.

Lingfeng Napoleoni

Teacher

Which Magma has the highest viscosity?

The magma that has the highest viscosity is rhyolitic magma.

Agate Marwitz

Teacher

How fast is magma ejected out of the volcano?

The time period between eruptions depends on how fast the rock melts, which is influenced by the speed of the sinking plate. The Earth has several subduction zones and the subducting plates generally move at a constant speed of up to 10 centimetres per year.

Rohit Jarraile

Teacher

Which type of magma is thicker?

Felsic magma is thick (high viscosity) and has much of a mineral called silica. It mostly makes light-coloured rocks. Another type is called mafic magma, which is runny and has less silica.

Rajinder Butoi

Reviewer

Where are the different types of magma generated?

Three general types are recognized:
  • Basaltic magma -- SiO2 45-55 wt%, high in Fe, Mg, Ca, low in K, Na.
  • Andesitic magma -- SiO2 55-65 wt%, intermediate. in Fe, Mg, Ca, Na, K.
  • Rhyolitic magma -- SiO2 65-75%, low in Fe, Mg, Ca, high in K, Na.

Vahram Eizaga

Reviewer

Iulica Muhlfelder

Reviewer

What causes a quiet eruption?

When a volcano has magma that is hot or low in silica a quiet eruption occurs. The magma that causes quiet eruptions is low in viscosity and is is classified as mafic magma. The mafic magma is rich in magnesium and iron, which causes its dark color.

Jeanie Bruss

Reviewer

What is basaltic magma?

Basaltic lava, or mafic lava, is molten rock enriched in iron and magnesium and depleted in silica. Basaltic magmas are formed by exceeding the melting point of the mantle either by adding heat, changing its composition, or decreasing its pressure. Underwater, basaltic lavas are erupted as pillow basalts.