Asked by: Maday Lerma
religion and spirituality buddhism

Who ruled after Joseph II?

Last Updated: 20th January, 2020

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Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor
Joseph II
Predecessor Francis I
Successor Leopold II
Co-monarch Maria Theresa
King of the Romans

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Then, did Joseph II support the arts?

Joseph II was influenced by enlightenment ideas by working for the betterment of his country. He abolished serfdom and establish a strong, weel based country. His reforms are still sence today around that world, such as freedom of press,and no more serfdom, he also emancipated the jews and supported the arts (1).

Beside above, how did Joseph II die? Tuberculosis

In this way, did Joseph II protect freedom of speech?

The monarchy's finances were balanced. The reorganization of the army secured Joseph's position in Europe. He ordered the abolition of serfdom; by the Edict of Toleration he established religious equality before the law, and he granted freedom of the press.

Who influenced Joseph II?

His mother made some changes that Joseph supported, such as an expansion of elementary education in the 1770s. But Maria Theresa objected to the idea of religious tolerance and refused to institute reforms that Joseph, a disciple of the Enlightenment, desperately wanted.

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Why is Joseph II important?

Joseph II became the absolute ruler over the most extensive realm of Central Europe in 1780. In 1781, Joseph issued the Serfdom Patent, which aimed to abolish aspects of the traditional serfdom system of the Habsburg lands through the establishment of basic civil liberties for the serfs.

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Why did Joseph II abolish serfdom?

During his reign Joseph II sought to promote the peasantry. The abolition of serfdom in 1781 allowed peasants for the first time to leave farms in order to earn additional money elsewhere.

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Why was Joseph II considered the most radical of the enlightened despots?

Maria Theresa's son, Joseph II, was considered the most radical of the enlightened despots because of the extreme changes he made when he came to power in 1780. (Image: Courtesy of Wikipedia) Joseph II abolished serfdom, made taxes equal for both nobles and peasants, and granted freedom of the press to writers.

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How did Maria Theresa change her country?

The only female ruler on Austria's throne
Even though her husband, Francis I, was the official ruler, Maria Theresa took charge of matters of state. She introduced compulsory schooling and made the potato popular in her country. She was already a legend during her lifetime and often the subject of paintings.

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What did Frederick II support?

Frederick II, king of Prussia (1740–86), was a brilliant military campaigner who, in a series of diplomatic stratagems and wars against Austria and other powers, greatly enlarged Prussia's territories and made Prussia the foremost military power in Europe.

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How did Maria Theresa become ruler?

On 12 May 1743, Maria Theresa had herself crowned Queen of Bohemia in St. Vitus Cathedral. Prussia became anxious at Austrian advances on the Rhine frontier, and Frederick again invaded Bohemia, beginning a Second Silesian War; Prussian troops sacked Prague in August 1744.

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Who was Frederick II?

Frederick II, known as Frederick the Great, was Prussia's king from 1740 to 1786. By winning wars and expanding territories, he established Prussia as a strong military power.

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Who ruled Austria during the Age of Enlightenment?

Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor
Joseph II
Successor Leopold II
Co-monarch Maria Theresa
Born 13 March 1741 Schönbrunn Palace, Vienna, Archduchy of Austria
Died 20 February 1790 (aged 48) Vienna, Archduchy of Austria

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What is an enlightened monarch?

Enlightened absolutism (also called enlightened despotism or benevolent despotism) refers to the conduct and policies of European absolute monarchs during the 18th and 19th centuries who were influenced by the ideas of the Enlightenment, espousing them to enhance their power.

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What is enlightened despot mean?

Alternative Title: benevolent despotism. Enlightened despotism, also called benevolent despotism, form of government in the 18th century in which absolute monarchs pursued legal, social, and educational reforms inspired by the Enlightenment.

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What did the Edict of Toleration allow?

An edict of toleration is a declaration, made by a government or ruler, and states that members of a given religion will not be persecuted for engaging in their religious practices and traditions. The edict implies tacit acceptance of the religion rather than its endorsement by the ruling power.

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Did Maria Theresa fight wars and expand their kingdom?

Maria Theresa was born May 13, 1717, in Vienna, Austria. In 1740 she succeeded to the Habsburg throne. In resistance, Frederick II's army invaded and claimed Silesia. The war ended in 1748, after which she reformed her government and military.

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What ideals were important to the enlightened despots?

Enlightened despots, inspired by the ideals of the Age of Enlightenment, held that royal power emanated not from divine right but from a social contract whereby a despot was entrusted with the power to govern in lieu of any other governments.

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Why is Maria Theresa an enlightened despot?

Maria Theresa was seen as an enlightened despot, because as the rule of Austria she possessed great power but tried to implement certain reforms based on Enlightenment ideals. The Codex Theresianus (1766) introduced a civil code with some improvement in rights for its people for example.

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Which countries were in the Holy Roman Empire?

The Holy Roman Empire was a feudal monarchy that encompassed present-day Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, Switzerland, Austria, the Czech and Slovak Republics, as well as parts of eastern France, northern Italy, Slovenia, and western Poland at the start of the early modern centuries.

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Which are characteristics of an enlightened despot?

Enlightened despotism is the same thing except that the rulers see themselves as benevolent, progressive and rational, being inspired by Enlightenment ideals such as:
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  • religious tolerance.
  • citizens' rights.
  • public education.
  • promotion of free trade and commerce.

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Was Catherine the Great an enlightened ruler?

Catherine the Great was indeed an enlightened despot. She used the ideals of the Enlightenment in order to increase the power and security of Russia. By being a leader who led Russia into peace and prosperity, Catherine might make her detractors think that she is deserving of the title of Empress after all.

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Was Austria in the Holy Roman Empire?

Austria was dominated by the House of Habsburg and House of Habsburg-Lorraine (Haus Österreich) from 1273 to 1918. In 1808, when Emperor Francis II of Austria dissolved the Holy Roman Empire, Austria became the Austrian Empire, and was also part of the German Confederation until the Austro-Prussian War of 1866.