Asked by: Sucaina Segal
science genetics

Why is Allium good for studying mitosis?

Last Updated: 29th May, 2021

14
What Makes Onion Roots Ideal for Studying Mitosis? Onion roots are ideal for studying mitosis because onions have larger chromosomes than most plants, making the observation of cells easier. The roots of plants also continue to grow as they continue to search for water and nutrients.

Click to see full answer.

Similarly, why is Allium Cepa used in studying mitosis?

The plants usually have the large chromosomes and the low chromosome number. The root meristem contains a high proportion of cells in mitosis (1-3). The growing root tips of the onion, Allium cepa provide a readily available source of material for studying the damaging effects of chemicals on chromosomes.

why is the Whitefish Blastula a good specimen for studying mitosis? Two specimens are commonly used by biologists to study mitosis: the blastula of a whitefish and the root tip of an onion. The whitefish embryo is a good place to look at mitosis because these cells are rapidly dividing as the fish embryo is growing.

Consequently, what is the purpose of using HCL in mitosis experiment?

4 – the purpose of the hydrochloric acid is to destroy the substances that unite the cells (usually pectin), but it does not destroy the cell walls. The hydrochloric acid also has the ability to kill the cells and halt the process of mitosis.

Why are plant root tips a good source of cells to examine for mitosis?

The plant tip cells are used because the root area is a place of rapid mitosis, where cells are actively dividing. The animal cells showed the decrease from prophase to metaphase, but the duration does not decrease in anaphase and telophase (data stays almost constant).

Related Question Answers

Jocelyn Betts

Professional

How many chromosomes are in an onion cell?

The genetic information of plants, animals and other eukaryotic organisms resides in several (or many) individual DNA molecules, or chromosomes. For example, each human cell possesses 46 chromosomes, while each cell of an onion possesses 8 chromosomes. All cells must replicate their DNA when dividing.

Chrystian Garberi

Professional

How many chromosomes does garlic have?

As reported by Bozzini (1991), common garlic cultivars have a somatic chromosome number of 2n = 16 (with a karyotypic formula of six metacentric chromosomes, four submetacentric chromosomes, and six acrocentric chromosomes), although some garlic plants found in the Campania region of Italy were shown to be tetraploid (

Rigel Heilemann

Professional

What is Allium Cepa test?

Allium cepa Test. Commercial variety of common onion (Allium cepa) was used for the determination of different toxicity end points of meristematic cells. Equal sized healthy onion bulbs were chosen and the outer scales of bulbs were removed by gently scraping to make the apices of root primodia exposed.

Asier Polak

Explainer

What is onion root tip assay?

cepa (onion) root tip bioassay is. considered as a simple and reliable test model to assess the. genotoxic potential of chemicals due to its characteristic.

Aimad Jeludev

Explainer

What is Allium Cepa assay?

The Allium cepa assay is an efficient test for chemical screening and in situ monitoring for genotoxicity of environmental contaminants. The test has been used widely to study genotoxicity of many pesticides revealing that these compounds can induce chromosomal aberrations in root meristems of A. cepa roots.

Higinia Gulin

Pundit

How do you make onion root tip slides?

An Alternative Procedure
  1. Cut the tip 5 to 8 mm from the tip of the freshly sprouted root.
  2. Place the cut tip on a clean microscope slide.
  3. Add 2-3 drops of acetocarmine stain to the slide.
  4. Warm the slide gently over the alcohol lamp for about one minute.
  5. Cover the slide with a cover slip or lens paper.

Viktoriya Dubakin

Pundit

What effect will pressing the slide preparation have on the dividing cells?

Pressing the preparation will separate the cells in the meristem tissue into individual cells in a single layer. This makes it easier to see the chromosomes and to identify the stages of division.

Germa Gegg

Pundit

What is the purpose of mitosis?

Mitosis is a process where a single cell divides into two identical daughter cells (cell division). During mitosis one cell? divides once to form two identical cells. The major purpose of mitosis is for growth and to replace worn out cells.

Fletcher Janosch

Pundit

What is the function of mitosis?

The main functions of mitosis are growth and repair. Some cells once fully formed do not undergo cell division, such as nerve cells and muscle cells. Since you can never re-grow or repair these types of cells once they are mature, you must take care of the ones you have.

Nenita Makam

Pundit

Why Acetocarmine is used in meiosis?

Stains are used in microscopic studies to enhance the contrast of specific biological components in a sample. Acetocarmine is such a stain used to stain nucleic acid inside cells. As acetocarmine specifically-stain chromosomes apart from the cytoplasm, it can be used to visualize chromosomes in mitotic studies.

Janita Vaisfeld

Teacher

Why root tips are treated with 1n HCL?

Root tips are grown and preserved in acetic ethanol fixative. Fixed root tips can be stored for at least two weeks prior to staining. Treatment with acid and heat is used to break up the cellulose cell wall allowing stain to permeate the tissue and makes it easier to squash the tissue on a microscope slide.

Lahat Arnabat

Supporter

Why are roots good for studying the cell cycle?

In plants, the roots continue to grow as they search for water and nutrients. These regions of growth are good for studying the cell cycle because at any given time, you can find cells that are undergoing mitosis.

Aiara Patacoo

Supporter

How many chromosomes does whitefish have?

In a table in this book, there are 19 species of Whitefish listed, varying in chromosome number from 2N = 36 to 2N = 96, with some species even listed with different chromosome numbers among races!

Terencio Senss

Beginner

What happens during prophase?

The first and longest phase of mitosis is prophase. During prophase, chromatin condenses into chromosomes, and the nuclear envelope, or membrane, breaks down. In animal cells, the centrioles near the nucleus begin to separate and move to opposite poles (sides) of the cell.

Felisbela Stary

Beginner

Is it common to study mitosis using embryos?

To study mitosis, biologists often look at particular cells. Two specimens are commonly used by biologists to study mitosis: the blastula of a whitefish and the root tip of an onion. The whitefish embryo is a good place to look at mitosis because these cells are rapidly dividing as the fish embryo is growing.

Junli Quintanilla

Beginner

What percentage of the cells were in each stage?

The percentages of cells in each population represent the percent of the cell cycle a given cell spends in each phase, so it spends about 10-20% of its time in mitosis and 80-90% in interphase.

Qingfeng Hochbruck

Beginner

How does mitosis cause two daughter cells?

Mitosis leads to two daughter cells when the DNA is duplicated and the cell splits. THe cells goes through interphase, prophase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase. The chromosomes then split apart during telophase. Finally the cell splits during telophase.