Asked by: Xerach Dietl
science geography

What are two names for the lines that run east to west?

Last Updated: 20th May, 2020

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Parallels. Imaginary lines that run east and west on a map. Parallels represent degrees of latitude, or how far a place is away from the equator. The equator's latitude is 0° and the poles are 90° south and north.

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In this way, what name is given to the lines that run horizontally across the map?

Together, the Prime Meridian and antimeridian form a vertical circle around the Earth and divide the Earth into the eastern and western hemispheres. The imaginary horizontal lines on a map are called latitude lines. On a map, latitude lines are measured in increments of 15 degrees from the equator.

Furthermore, what lines run north to south but measure distances east to west? Lines of longitude (meridians) running north-south around the globe measure distances EAST and WEST of the Prime Meridian. Directly on the opposite side of the earth from the prime meridian is located the 180? meridian. This is the highest longitude possible.

People also ask, what direction do longitude lines run?

north-south

What are the two imaginary lines?

Imaginary lines, also called meridians, running vertically around the globe. Unlike latitude lines, longitude lines are not parallel. Meridians meet at the poles and are widest apart at the equator. Zero degrees longitude (0°) is called the prime meridian.

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Anand Garuz

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What is the 0 line of longitude called?

Zero degrees latitude is the line designating the Equator and divides the Earth into two equal hemispheres (north and south). Zero degrees longitude is an imaginary line known as the Prime Meridian.

Goiuria Twelsiek

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What are the two names for the lines that run north to south?

Meridians. Imaginary lines that run north and south on a map from pole to pole. Meridians express degrees of longitude, or how far a place is away from the prime meridian.

Guobin Steinkamp

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What does map stand for?

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Saioa Silvestri

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What 2 imaginary lines meet at the North Pole?

Longitude is the measurement east or west of the prime meridian. Longitude is measured by imaginary lines that run around the Earth vertically (up and down) and meet at the North and South Poles. These lines are known as meridians.

Leer Campioo

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Are latitude lines parallel?

Lines of latitude measure north-south position between the poles. The equator is defined as 0 degrees, the North Pole is 90 degrees north, and the South Pole is 90 degrees south. Lines of latitude are all parallel to each other, thus they are often referred to as parallels.

Kadda Kupfernagel

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What is the highest value a line of longitude will have?

Lines of longitude (meridians) running north-south around the globe measure distances EAST and WEST of the Prime Meridian. Directly on the opposite side of the earth from the prime meridian is located the 180 meridian. This is the highest longitude possible.

Nikolov Thines

Pundit

What is meridian and parallel?

Parallels are another name for lines of latitude. Meridians are another name for lines of longitude. Parallels don't intersect. All meridians intersect at two places, the North Pole and the South Pole. The first parallel is the equator.

Severino Gansser

Pundit

What are lines on maps called?

In cartography, a contour line (often just called a "contour") joins points of equal elevation (height) above a given level, such as mean sea level. A contour map is a map illustrated with contour lines, for example a topographic map, which thus shows valleys and hills, and the steepness or gentleness of slopes.

Roselee Baturin

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What are the 2 main lines of longitude?

The Equator, Tropics, and Prime Meridian
Four of the most significant imaginary lines running across the surface of Earth are the equator, the Tropic of Cancer, the Tropic of Capricorn, and the Prime Meridian.

Dmitry Leykauff

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What do longitude lines go up to?

Longitude lines are a numerical way to show/measure how far a location is east or west of a universal vertical line called the Prime Meridian. This Prime Meridian line runs vertically, north and south, right over the British Royal Observatory in Greenwich England, from the North Pole to the South Pole.

Frutos Roishinsk

Pundit

Which way is longitude and which way is latitude?

Latitude is the distance north or south of the Equator and is expressed as a number between 0 and 90 degrees north or south. Longitude is the distance east or west of the Prime Meridian and is expressed as a number between 0 and 180 degrees east or west.

Ouiza Nacar

Teacher

What are the 5 major lines of longitude?

The five major parallels of latitudes from north to south are called: Arctic Circle, Tropic of Cancer, Equator, Tropic of Capricorn, and the Antarctic Circle. On a maps where the orientation of the map is either due north or due south, latitude appears as horizontal lines.

Chamaida Frauns

Teacher

What is an example of longitude?

Longitude is the angular distance of a place east or west of the meridian at Greenwich, England. For example, New York and Miami have almost exactly the same longitudes: around 80 degrees west. Berlin on the other hand has a longitude of 13 degrees east. Beijing, China, has a longitude of 116 degrees east.

Abdelbari Scheurl

Teacher

Evangelia Salcedas

Teacher

Where is 180 longitude?

The 180th meridian or antimeridian is the meridian 180° both east and west of the Prime Meridian, with which it forms a great circle dividing the earth into the Western and Eastern Hemispheres. It is common to both east longitude and west longitude.

Linfeng Zhilenkov

Reviewer

Why are there 360 longitudes and 180 latitudes?

The South Pole and the North Pole have separated by 180° apart, The longitude lines cross from the North Pole to the South Pole. While persisting on the North Pole, you can ideally recognize the whole circle of the globe. This is why it begins at zero and finishes at 360 longitudes.

Nosheen Pfafferodt

Reviewer

What is a trick to help you remember in which direction latitude and longitude lines lie?

The easiest way to remember the difference between latitude and longitude is by associating the terms with different parts of a ladder. Lines of latitude run east and west. To remember, think of the rungs of a ladder (which sounds somewhat similar to latitude) which run across, connecting the two longer pieces.

Saleck Prada

Reviewer

What will happen if there are no imaginary lines on Earth?

They are imaginary lines so that we can navigate around this planet of ours. Without them we couldn't make maps or find our way across the sea or define boundaries borders etc etc. There is no physical pole up North or down South. Unless you measured it there is NO physical line denoting the PM or the Equator.

Sharan Lersundi

Reviewer

What is another name for a line of latitude?

Parallels are another name for lines of latitude. You will see that these lines do not converge, or come together, anywhere on the globe. We call these parallels because they are always an equal distance apart. The first parallel is the equator.